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Cultural and Histosical Tour

Nepal is rich in culture and customs, making it famous not only for its high peaks. The Kathmandu Valley of Nepal probably has the highest concentration of temples, shrines and idols found anywhere in the world. With a long history, fascinating art, unique and varied architecture and diverse mix of people and religions, it is the perfect destination for culture vultures.

Tourists also come to Nepal to enjoy its geographical highlights as well as the rich treasures of its culture. Ranging from the high Himalayas in the north to the southern Terai plains, the natural landscapes are as varied as is possible in this diverse world. This fabulous mix of nature and humble humanity is intriguing and the reason why so many travellers have sought to enjoy the country since it opened to the outside world in 1950.

Even if you concentrate on the Kathmandu Valley alone, it is sure to be a fascinating experience; the valley is a vast trading cauldron and a melting pot of diversity. The valley comprises of three cities, namely Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur. The ethnic groups of Nepal still follow the age-old customs of Hindu, Buddhist and Kirati religious practices. Add to this overtones from Tibetan Buddhism, Tantra and Shamanism, and you have an amazing potpourri of colourful religious rites. The Nepalese have so many vibrant and exotic festivals that it’s hard to know when one is finished and another is starting. Each is celebrated with much joy. It is sometimes said that Nepal has more festivals than there are days in a year.

According to the latest census, there are over 101 ethnic groups, although the government has only officially recognised 59 of these groups. They are planning to add 22 more to the total number of ethnic groups. Similarly, there are 92 spoken dialects. There is much to see and learn about on a cultural tour. Yatra Himalaya can arrange specific programmes to give visitors more opportunities to observe the rich Nepalese culture and traditions.

Day 1 :

<p>Day 01: Arrival and transfer to the hotel,</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 02: Kathmandou-Daman: About 4hrs of drive,</p><p>Locate 80km south west of Kathmandu valley, Daman (2400m) offers the only unimpeded view of the entire Himalayan range; Annapurna,Machhapuchre etc. Daman is situated on the Tribhuvan highway.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 03: Daman-Chitwan:</p><p>About 5hrs of drive, via Hetauda till Chitwan, the national park wich is most femous of Nepal. Chitwan National Park, established in 1973, is the first national park in Nepal.It covers an area of about 1000 km2 and is located in Terai, south-central Nepal in the Chitwan District. It ranges from about 100m in the river valleys up to 800m in the Churia Hills. It is covered mainly with dense forests (70%) of huge "sal" trees (shorea robusta) along with savanna and grassland and hosts a wide range of wildlife.</p><p>O/N at hotel</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 04: Day spent in the national park.</p><p>Chitwan National Park is home to some of the most beautiful animal species in the country: tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, leopard and over 400 species of birds. Several program activities: walking elephant, Tharu cultural dance, cayaking on Rivier Rapti, jungle walk, elephant bathing, bird watching ...</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 05: Chitwan-Lumbini:</p><p>About 5hrs of drive, Lumbini is one of the most important religious sites in the world because it is the historical birthplace of Gautama Siddhartha Buddha, the man who inspired a philosophy of peace and reflection. At the centre of Lumbini is the Maya Devi Temple surrounded by a sacred garden containing the Ashoka pillar marking the spot of Buddha's birth. Extending for miles around the sacred garden is a huge park designed by the Japanese architect Kenzo Tange in 1978 and managed by the Lubini Development Trust.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 06: Lumbini-Tansen:</p><p>Environ 3h de route, The ancient capital of the kingdom Magar, Newar town of Tansen 1343m, built on a mountainside. Exploring the city and meeting or working potters and iron workers, manufacturers of traditional dishes. Discovery of Amar Narayan Temple temple dating back to 1800 and various places of the town including the bazaar. Overnight at hotel.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 07: Tansen-Pokhara:</p><p>About 5hrs of drive, through forests and rice fields, villages. Pokhara (827m) is the second largest city of Nepal and is well known for the magnificent views it offers of the Annapurna range and the spectacular Machapuchare also known as "Fish tail". It is among the most popular tourist destinations and a very popular base for the trekkers due to the proximity of three Himalayan giants: AnnapurnaI (8091m), Daulaghiri (8167m) and Manaslu (8156m).</p><p></p><p></p><p>DayPokhara is located in pleasant surroundings and is also known for its beautiful lakes. Close to the city are two viewpoints offering a panorama of the Himalaya range: the World Peace Pagoda and Sanrangkot.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 08: Driving to Sanrangkot early in the morning allows the visitors to admire the sun rise on the Himalayan range.</p><p></p><p>Departure for Bandipur authentic Newar village, other nearby attractions include the Bindyabashini temple library of the village center, Thani Mai, Tindhara ("three strikes") - the community water fountain on the outskirts southeast Raniban (Forest Queen), the panoramic view of the Himalayas.</p><p>DaySome villagers started growing oranges as they are doing very well in the climate of this region. An hour's walk west of Bandipur, there is also a silk farm operated by local residents.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 09: Bandipur-Gorkha:</p><p>About 3hrs of drive, istoric city dominated by the sacred castle Gorakhnath. Visit the old center. Rise to the palace of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of modern Nepal who united the kingdom in the 18th century. Overnight at hotel.</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 10: Gorkha-Kathamdu: About 5hrs of drive, O/N at hotel</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 11: Day free</p><p></p><p></p><p>Day 12: Departure to the international airport.</p>

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Cultural and Histosical Tour